French: Merle des Nilgiri German: Indienamsel Spanish: Mirlo indio
Avalanche, higher southern Nilgiri Plateau, India
Subspecies and Distribution
T. s. nigropileus
(Lafresnaye, 1840) – Black-capped Blackbird – W, C & SE India (mainly in N Western Ghats, Satpuras and Eastern Ghats); non-breeding in plains to S India.
T. s. simillimus
Jerdon, 1839 – Indian Blackbird – SW India (Nilgiris and surrounding hills).
T. s. bourdilloni
(Seebohm, 1881) – hills of S India (S of Palghat Gap).
T. s. kinnisii
(Blyth#R, 1851) – Sri Lanka Blackbird – Sri Lanka.
19–22 cm; 60–94 g. Male nominate race is dark grey-brown above, darkest on crown (slight capped appearance), slightly paler greyish-brown below, palest on throat... read more
Song a rapid series of rich, varied, short, slurred and usually paired notes; simpler in Sri Lanka... read more
Breeds in moist deciduous and evergreen broadleaf forest, sholas, wooded ravines, dense scrub-... read more
Food and feeding
Invertebrates and fruits of forest. Forages on ground, where seen to peck at dung beside forest track; also feeds in fruiting and flowering... read more
Feb–Nov in India; Mar–Apr and Aug–Sept in Sri Lanka. Nest a deep bulky cup of grass, moss and roots, strengthened with a... read more
All populations make seasonal movements to lower levels; race nigropileus also undertakes... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Common throughout range.
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