Family Old World Orioles (Oriolidae)

Least Concern

Indian Golden Oriole (Oriolus kundoo)


Taxonomy

French: Loriot indien German: Indienpirol Spanish: Oropéndola india
Taxonomy:

Oriolus Kundoo

Sykes

, 1832,

Dukhun (= Deccan), India

.

See O. oriolus. Previously considered conspecific with O. oriolus, but differs in its paler red eye#R (1); black postocular patch giving distinctive masked appearance to face in male (2); much broader wing-flash, bolder yellow edgings to tertials and secondaries and more yellow in outer rectrices in male (2); longer bill (effect size 2.62; score 2); more complex voice, with “shorter, mellower strophes and narrower range of pitch”#R (score at least 1); no intergrades known. Proposed races include yarkandensis (E Turkestan), turkestanica (Turkestan City) and baltistanicus (Baltistan). Monotypic.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.
Distribution:

Uzbekistan, E Turkmenistan, SE Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, extreme W China (Tien Shan), Baluchistan hills and from N & E Afghanistan E in Himalayas to Nepal, perhaps Bhutan#R, and S through most of peninsular India; winters also farther S in India and (rare) in Sri Lanka.

Descriptive notes

24–25 cm; 60–95 g. Male has head, upperparts and entire underparts rich golden-yellow, black of lores extending as narrow black streak around and behind eye;... read more

Voice

Song a fluty melodious "pee-lo" or "pee-lo-lo", "who-he-heer" or "weela whee-oh", generally similar... read more

Habitat

Open deciduous and semi-evergreen forests, forest edge, woodland, thorny forest, thickets, poplar... read more

Food and feeding

Berries, e.g. of Lantana, and fruits, e.g. cherries (Prunus), mulberries (Morus alba), silk-cotton tree (... read more

Breeding

Breeds in Jun in Afghanistan, May–Jun in Nepal and Apr–Sept in India. Male calls constantly on territory during breeding season... read more

Movements

Resident in C and parts of N India, with local movements depending on fruit availability. Breeding... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Fairly common to locally common. Occurs over large range, which includes various protected areas.

Recommended citation

Walther, B. & Jones, P. (2018). Indian Golden Oriole (Oriolus kundoo). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/60450 on 16 October 2018).