Family Old World Orioles (Oriolidae)

Least Concern

Indian Golden Oriole (Oriolus kundoo)


French: Loriot indien German: Indienpirol Spanish: Oropéndola india

Oriolus Kundoo


, 1832,

Dukhun (= Deccan), India


See O. oriolus. Previously considered conspecific with O. oriolus, but differs in its paler red eye#R (1); black postocular patch giving distinctive masked appearance to face in male (2); much broader wing-flash, bolder yellow edgings to tertials and secondaries and more yellow in outer rectrices in male (2); longer bill (effect size 2.62; score 2); more complex voice, with “shorter, mellower strophes and narrower range of pitch”#R (score at least 1); no intergrades known. Proposed races include yarkandensis (E Turkestan), turkestanica (Turkestan City) and baltistanicus (Baltistan). Monotypic.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.

Uzbekistan, E Turkmenistan, SE Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, extreme W China (Tien Shan), Baluchistan hills and from N & E Afghanistan E in Himalayas to Nepal, perhaps Bhutan#R, and S through most of peninsular India; winters also farther S in India and (rare) in Sri Lanka.

Descriptive notes

24–25 cm; 60–95 g. Male has head, upperparts and entire underparts rich golden-yellow, black of lores extending as narrow black streak around and behind eye;... read more


Song a fluty melodious "pee-lo" or "pee-lo-lo", "who-he-heer" or... read more


Open deciduous and semi-evergreen forests, forest edge, woodland, thorny forest, thickets, poplar... read more

Food and feeding

Berries, e.g. of Lantana, and fruits, e.g. cherries (Prunus), mulberries (Morus alba), silk-cotton tree (... read more


Breeds in Jun in Afghanistan, May–Jun in Nepal and Apr–Sept in India. Male calls constantly on territory during breeding season... read more


Resident in C and parts of N India, with local movements depending on fruit availability. Breeding... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Fairly common to locally common. Occurs over large range, which includes various protected areas.

Recommended citation

Walther, B. & Jones, P. (2019). Indian Golden Oriole (Oriolus kundoo). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 7 December 2019).