Dukhun (= Deccan), India.
See O. oriolus. Previously considered conspecific with O. oriolus, but differs in its paler red eye#R (1); black postocular patch giving distinctive masked appearance to face in male (2); much broader wing-flash, bolder yellow edgings to tertials and secondaries and more yellow in outer rectrices in male (2); longer bill (effect size 2.62; score 2); more complex voice, with “shorter, mellower strophes and narrower range of pitch”#R (score at least 1); no intergrades known. Proposed races include yarkandensis (E Turkestan), turkestanica (Turkestan City) and baltistanicus (Baltistan). Monotypic.
Uzbekistan, E Turkmenistan, SE Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, extreme W China (Tien Shan), Baluchistan hills and from N & E Afghanistan E in Himalayas to Nepal, perhaps Bhutan#R, and S through most of peninsular India; winters also farther S in India and (rare) in Sri Lanka.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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