French: Pseudotraquet indien German: Strauchschmätzer Spanish: Tarabilla terrestre
Other common names: Indian Black Robin
Philippines; error = Pondicherry, India.
Races intergrade. Five subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution
S. f. cambaiensis
(Latham, 1790) – Pakistan (S from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa to E Baluchistan), N & W India (E to Bihar, S to R Tapti) and S Nepal.
S. f. erythrurus
(Lesson, 1832) – NE India (from E Bihar) and N Bangladesh#R.
S. f. intermedius
Whistler & Kinnear, 1932 – C India (R Tapti, S Madhya Pradesh and Odisha S to R Krishna).
S. f. fulicatus
(Linnaeus, 1766) – S India (S from R Krishna).
S. f. leucopterus
(Lesson, 1840) – Sri Lanka.
c. 16 cm; 17–20 g. Male nominate race is glossy black above and below, with white shoulder patch and chestnut vent; long black tail typically cocked; black bill and... read more
Song a very short, high-pitched, creaky squeaky jumble of 4–5 notes in minor key, used in... read more
Palm groves, bare hillsides, open rocky places, newly burnt clearings, cultivated “cheenas... read more
Food and feeding
Insects (including termites, ants, beetles, flies, caterpillars, grasshoppers, bees and wasps) and their eggs, spiders; marked preference... read more
Mainly Apr–Jun in Pakistan and India but variable, Dec–Jul, even into Aug; Mar–Sept in Sri Lanka; two broods, sometimes... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Common in Pakistan and throughout Indian Subcontinent S of Himalayas; uncommon to rare in S Nepal. Very common in dry zone but less so in wet zone in... read more
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