Family Hawks, Eagles (Accipitridae)


Indian Spotted Eagle (Clanga hastata)


French: Aigle lancéolé German: Gangesadler Spanish: Águila india

Morphnus hastatus


, 1831,

#R Bengal


In recent past, considered conspecific with C. pomarina, but differs in several aspects, including: brown vs yellow/amber iris (3); darker brown head having black shaft streaks (1); paler brown undertail coverts (1); much larger gape (mean in females 60·1 mm vs 52·3 mm in length, 47·4 mm vs 37·4 mm in width; score at least 2)#R. Monotypic.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.

India (mainly N, also C and, maybe disjunctly, S), and perhaps also Bangladesh (where could be extinct), SW & S Myanmar and Pakistan; breeding in Cambodia recently confirmed#R.

Descriptive notes

50–60 cm; no published information on body mass or wingspan. Very similar to C. pomarina but with slightly longer wings (wing chord 470–508 mm... read more


Call described as high-pitched, cackling laugh and series of sharp, staccato yelps “kleep... read more


Occurs mostly in lowlands, favouring open forests and forest edges, tree groves surrounded by... read more

Food and feeding

Feeds on variety of mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians. Prey items identified at nest near Bharatpur, N India, consisted of 17 mammals... read more


Little information. Breeds from late Mar to Aug in India. Nest made of sticks and lined with green leaves, usually placed in fork within... read more


Adults sedentary or very short-distant migrants, in contrast to highly migratory C. ... read more

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. CITES II. Occurs in low densities throughout range and is suspected to be declining because of habitat loss and degradation. Perhaps extirpated from Bangladesh,... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Marks, J.S. (2019). Indian Spotted Eagle (Clanga hastata). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 May 2019).