Was previously thought to form a species-group with G. himalayensis, G. coprotheres, G. rueppelli and G. fulvus (see G. coprotheres). Until recently, considered conspecific with G. tenuirostris, but that species differs on several accounts#R#R: has black head and narrow neck vs dark grey head and thicker, whitish-grizzled grey neck (2); dark vs pale cere, with dark vs yellow bill and claws (3); much narrower fringes on tertials and greater coverts so that contrast with primaries on folded wing much weaker (2); mottled vs clear rump (ns); and head apparently longer (135–145 mm vs 126–131 mm#R). The split supported by molecular evidence#R. G. indicus jonesi (described from Salt Range, in N Pakistan) is a synonym of race fulvescens of G. fulvus. Monotypic.
SE Pakistan (Sind) and India S of R Ganges (mainly in NW, W & S); recently recorded in Nepal#R.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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