Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Indigo-capped Hummingbird (Amazilia cyanifrons)


French: Ariane à front bleu German: Blaukappenamazilie Spanish: Amazilia capiazul

Trochilus cyanifrons


, 1843,

Ibague, Colombia


Sometimes placed in genus Saucerottia. Closely related to A. saucerottei. A certain amount of taxonomic confusion has resulted mainly from occurrence of differing phenotypes. Previously included A. alfaroana. A melanistic variety formerly called “Eriocnemis incultus” or “A. nunezi” refers to present species; the specimens concerned have also been erroneously considered aberrant individuals of A. viridigaster. Monotypic.


N & C Colombia (Norte de Santander, Magdalena Valley, upper Cauca Valley).

Descriptive notes

7–10 cm; 5 g. Male has straight, medium-sized, blackish bill, with basal third of mandible fleshy red; crown indigo-blue; upperparts shining green with bronze to coppery... read more


Song a repeated buzzy, squeaky phrase “tzuk-keee ... tsrp”. Calls include a high, sharp “tsit”,... read more


Edges of subtropical wet forest as well as drier, open habitats with bushes; also found in... read more

Food and feeding

Forages for nectar and small arthropods at various heights, but usually in upper strata. Sometimes gathers in some numbers at flowering... read more


Data on gonadal activity indicate season probably Apr–Jul; nest-building also recorded until Aug. Nest resembles that of congeners; cup-... read more


Occasional occurrence in the Pacific lowlands suggests altitudinal migration tied to seasonal... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Generally uncommon to locally common resident of semi-open woodland. Status not well known, but wide altitudinal range,... read more

Recommended citation

Weller, A.A., Boesman, P. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Indigo-capped Hummingbird (Amazilia cyanifrons). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 24 January 2020).