Family Parrots (Psittacidae)

Critically Endangered

Indigo-winged Parrot (Hapalopsittaca fuertesi)


French: Caïque de Fuertes German: Fuertespapagei Spanish: Lorito de Fuertes
Other common names: Fuertes's Parrot

Pionopsitta fuertesi


, 1912,

Laguneta, Cauca, Colombia


Forms a species-group with H. amazonina and H. pyrrhops, and all three have commonly been considered conspecific. Monotypic.


W slope of C Andes of Colombia (Quindío, Risaralda).

Descriptive notes

23–24 cm; 124 g. Quite small and stocky parrot, with rather short, slightly tapered tail. Narrow red frontal band, while forecrown and area around eyes is olive-yellow... read more


Flight call is a rather nasal, grating “krraa”, which is rather Aratinga-like. When... read more


Wet, epiphyte-rich temperate cloud forest including oaks Quercus at 2610–3490 m, the... read more

Food and feeding

All data gathered recently: preferentially selects fruits of Antidaphne viscoidea (Eremolepidaceae). Feeds in flocks of 7–15... read more


Studies since 2003 have gathered extensive information on the species’ breeding ecology, with the nesting period being in Jan to May... read more


Unknown, but altitudinal dis­placements probably occur.

Status and conservation

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED. CITES II. Restricted-range species: present in Northern Central Andes EBA. Overall population estimated at 160–250 birds, and certainly fewer... read more

Recommended citation

Collar, N., Boesman, P., Kirwan, G.M. & Sharpe, C.J. (2019). Indigo-winged Parrot (Hapalopsittaca fuertesi). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 21 October 2019).