Family Hawks, Eagles (Accipitridae)

Least Concern

Jackal Buzzard (Buteo rufofuscus)


French: Buse rounoir German: Felsenbussard Spanish: Busardo augur meridional

Falco rufofuscus

J. R. Forster

, 1798,

South Africa


Closely related to B. augur (see above). Monotypic.


South Africa, S & C Namibia, Lesotho and Swaziland; marginal in extreme S Mozambique and extreme SW Botswana.

Descriptive notes

45–55 cm; male 865–1080 g, female 1150–1695 g; wingspan 127–143 cm. Large, heavy Buteo, with proprtionately smaller, more pointed head but... read more


Vocalizes year-round but mainly during high-circling displays, a sharp, high-pitched, jackal-like... read more


Open steppe and grassland, mostly above 1000 m and especially in hilly and mountainous terrain to... read more

Food and feeding

Mainly small mammals up to size of young hyrax (Procavia capensis) and mongeese, but mainly rodents; ground-feeding birds to size... read more


Laying May–Nov (peak varying regionally, Aug–Sept in Transvaal, Jul–Sept in Natal). Usually monogamous, but apparently... read more


No regular movements described and many pairs considered to be wholly sedentary (e.g. one female... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Common, at one bird/62 km on road transects through karooid steppe, and at densities of one pair/17–30 km2 in... read more

Recommended citation

Kemp, A.C. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Jackal Buzzard (Buteo rufofuscus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 27 February 2020).