Family New World Blackbirds (Icteridae)

Endangered

Jamaican Blackbird (Nesopsar nigerrimus)


Taxonomy

French: Carouge de Jamaïque German: Bromelienstärling Spanish: Zanate jamaicano
Taxonomy:

[Icterus] nigerrimus

Osburn

, 1859,

lower mountains of Jamaica

.

Monotypic.

Distribution:

Jamaica.

Descriptive notes

18 cm; average 39 g. All-dark icterid with slender sharp bill and relatively short tail and legs. Plumage is entirely black with slight blue gloss; iris brown; bill and legs... read more

Voice

Rather noisy. Song, delivered by both sexes, is a quick warble followed by 3–5 nasal buzzes,... read more

Habitat

Wet mountain forest in areas with high rainfall and frequent mists, mostly above 570 m. Requires... read more

Food and feeding

Food mostly insects, including beetles (Coleoptera), orthopterans and lepidopteran caterpillars, and other invertebrates, e.g. snails (... read more

Breeding

Season May–Jul. Monogamous. Territorial, solitary breeder; diameter of eleven territories 160–370 m, mean 281 m. Commonly performs aerial... read more

Movements

Resident; some individuals descend to 210 m in non-breeding season.

Status and conservation

ENDANGERED. Restricted-range species: present in Jamaica EBA. Uncommon. Because of its small global range, its strict habitat requirements and its specialized foraging habits... read more

Recommended citation

Fraga, R. (2019). Jamaican Blackbird (Nesopsar nigerrimus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/62279 on 17 February 2019).