Family New World Blackbirds (Icteridae)

Least Concern

Jamaican Oriole (Icterus leucopteryx)


French: Oriole de Jamaïque German: Jamaikatrupial Spanish: Turpial jamaicano

Ps[arocolius]. Leucopteryx


, 1827,



Not closely related to other Caribbean members of genus. Two extant subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • I. l. leucopteryx (Wagler, 1827) – Jamaica.
  • I. l. bairdi Cory, 1886 – Cayman Is.
  • I. l. lawrencii Cory, 1887 – San Andrés I (E of Nicaragua).
  • Descriptive notes

    21 cm; c. 34–42 g. Male nominate race is mostly olivaceous yellow, brighter and yellower on belly, with black mask and throat to upper breast; upperwing black, coverts... read more


    Song, by both sexes, consists of 2–3 musical, modulated whistles, e.g. “tie-tiewu... read more


    Most types of forest and woodland in Jamaica, from coast to mountains, but rarely in mangroves.... read more

    Food and feeding

    Insects, other arthropods, possibly small vertebrates, also nectar and fruit. Reported as feeding on fruits of seven species of native... read more


    Season Mar–Aug. Probably monogamous. Solitary breeder. Nest built by both sexes, a pouch woven from fibres taken from palm leaves, also... read more


    Apparently sedentary.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Restricted-range species: present in Jamaica EBA and in San Andrés Island and Cayman Islands Secondary Areas. Common in Jamaica;... read more

    Recommended citation

    Fraga, R. (2020). Jamaican Oriole (Icterus leucopteryx). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 January 2020).