French: Oriole de Jamaïque German: Jamaikatrupial Spanish: Turpial jamaicano
Not closely related to other Caribbean members of genus. Two extant subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution
I. l. leucopteryx
(Wagler, 1827) – Jamaica.
I. l. bairdi
Cory, 1886 – Cayman Is.
I. l. lawrencii
Cory, 1887 – San Andrés I (E of Nicaragua).
21 cm; c. 34–42 g. Male nominate race is mostly olivaceous yellow, brighter and yellower on belly, with black mask and throat to upper breast; upperwing black, coverts... read more
Song, by both sexes, consists of 2–3 musical, modulated whistles, e.g. “tie-tiewu... read more
Most types of forest and woodland in Jamaica, from coast to mountains, but rarely in mangroves.... read more
Food and feeding
Insects, other arthropods, possibly small vertebrates, also nectar and fruit. Reported as feeding on fruits of seven species of native... read more
Season Mar–Aug. Probably monogamous. Solitary breeder. Nest built by both sexes, a pouch woven from fibres taken from palm leaves, also... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Restricted-range species: present in Jamaica EBA and in San Andrés Island and Cayman Islands Secondary Areas. Common in Jamaica;... read more
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!