Family Todies (Todidae)

Least Concern

Jamaican Tody (Todus todus)


French: Todier de Jamaïque German: Grüntodi Spanish: Barrancolí jamaicano

Alcedo Todus


, 1758,



A multi-gene study revealed that present species, T. subulatus and T. mexicanus form a subclade within the family#R. Birds trapped at 1200 m significantly heavier and longer-winged than those at 650 m, perhaps subspecifically distinct; study required. Monotypic.



Descriptive notes

9–10·8 cm; male 5·5–7·2 g, female 6·4–6·5 g. Bright green above; shows small blue-grey subau­ricular patch; red... read more


Considered to be generally silent when not breeding, but during latter period (Dec–Jul) gives... read more


Widespread in wet, mesic and dry forest; most abundant in wooded hills and mountains. In one study... read more

Food and feeding

Insects and their larvae, also occasionally small fruits. Foraging habits typical of family, using mainly “Underleaf-sally”.... read more


Breeds Dec–Jul. Burrow with mean height 3·9 cm, mean width 3·5 cm, dug in vertical earth bank, vegetated or not, at... read more


No movements recorded. Territories suspected to be even smaller than 0·7 ha recorded for... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Restricted-range species: present in Jamaica EBA. Reportedly widespread and common, from coastal areas to mountains, but little... read more

Recommended citation

Kepler, K.A. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Jamaican Tody (Todus todus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 June 2019).