Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Near Threatened

Jambu Fruit-dove (Ramphiculus jambu)


French: Ptilope jambou German: Jambufruchttaube Spanish: Tilopo jambú

Columba Jambu

J. F. Gmelin

, 1789,

Java (= Sumatra?)


A distinctive form, previously of disputed affinities, but inclusion in present genus confirmed by molecular results#R; has normally been placed in Ptilinopus, and was considered perhaps most closely allied to P. melanospilus. Proposed alteration of type locality seems to have been based on idea that species did not occur in Java. Monotypic.


Peninsular Thailand and Malaysia S through Sumatra (including Riau Archipelago, Nias, Bangka and Belitung) and Borneo. Recorded (status uncertain) in W Java.

Descriptive notes

22–28 cm. Face, forehead and forecrown pinkish crimson; narrow black throat patch; nape and upperparts green; underparts creamy white with large pink breast patch and... read more


A series of low-pitched hoots “whoo.....whoo....whoo” at a rate of c. 1 note/second, very different... read more


Forest and wooded areas, including mangroves; in Indonesia reported to favour small islands, and to... read more

Food and feeding

No precise information. Has been reported to feed on the ground on fruits knocked down by monkeys and hornbills; probably usually feeds on... read more


Known to breed Nov–Feb and Jul. Nest of typical pigeon type placed in a tree or shrub. Lays 1 white egg; incubation by both parents... read more


At least partly migratory; may migrate regularly between Peninsular Malaysia and Sumatra. A bird... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. No precise details available but likely to be declining due to habitat loss and hunting. Species reported to be... read more

Recommended citation

Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M., Boesman, P. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2020). Jambu Fruit-dove (Ramphiculus jambu). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 24 February 2020).