Family Accentors (Prunellidae)

Least Concern

Japanese Accentor (Prunella rubida)


French: Accenteur du Japon German: Rötelbraunelle Spanish: Acentor japonés

Accentor modularis rubidus

Temminck and Schlegel

, 1845,

#R, Japan


N populations described as race fervida, but variation considered insufficient to warrant recognition of geographical races; birds in extreme N (Sakhalin) possibly a distinct race, but further study needed. Monotypic.


S Sakhalin, S Kuril Is and Japan (S to Shikoku); in winter also Kyushu; recorded in Korea.

Descriptive notes

14–16 cm; 19 g. Has chestnut crown and nape, grey edging of nape feathers; ear-coverts cinnamon-brown with fine pale streaks; mantle rich chestnut with black streaks,... read more


Song, from bush or tree, an inconspicuous trill, “tsee-tsee syuu tsee-tsee-syuu”, but... read more


In summer, chiefly in thickets and the understorey of pine (Pinus), birch (Betula... read more

Food and feeding

Invertebrates; also seeds, primarily in winter. Forages mainly on ground, often beneath bushes and in undergrowth, sometimes at edges of... read more


Season May–Aug; double-brooded. Female copulates with more than one male, and two males may assist female in feeding single brood;... read more


N breeders migrate S to S parts of Honshu in Oct; mainly an altitudinal migrant in S, but some may... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Fairly common in suitable habitat on Hokkaido, Honshu and Shikoku. No estimates of numbers or population trends available.

Recommended citation

Hatchwell, B. (2020). Japanese Accentor (Prunella rubida). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 28 February 2020).