Family Finches (Fringillidae)

Least Concern

Japanese Grosbeak (Eophona personata)


French: Gros-bec masqué German: Maskenkernbeißer Spanish: Picogordo japonés

Coccothraustes personatus

Temminck and Schlegel

, 1845,



Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • E. p. magnirostris E. J. O. Hartert, 1896 – Russian Far East (E Amurland and Ussuriland), Sakhalin, NE China (N & E Heilongjiang and E Jilin) and, possibly, N Korea; winters in S China (Fujian W to Guizhou, rarely to Yunnan); recorded in Laos#R and Vietnam#R.
  • E. p. personata (Temminck & Schlegel, 1845) – Japan; Hokkaido and N Honshu populations winter S to S Japan.
  • Descriptive notes

    18–23 cm; male 65–99 g. Large and large-billed grosbeak with long forked tail. Male nominate race has forehead to upper nape, side of crown, cheek and chin black... read more


    Song, from mid-Mar to end Jul/early Aug, a series of 4–5 short fluty rising and falling... read more


    Mixed and deciduous forests and woodlands, including birch (Betula) and oak (Quercus... read more

    Food and feeding

    Variety of seeds and fruit, including those of cedar, pine (Pinus) and birch, also berries; also insects, including beetles (... read more


    Poorly known. Season May–Jul. Nest is described as a large, deep cup made from sticks and twigs, broad grass blades and stems, lined... read more


    Resident and migratory. Race magnirostris migrates S & SW during Sept–Nov,... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Common or locally common; occasionally abundant. Widely trapped in China, often in large numbers, for the cagebird trade; no information on any... read more

    Recommended citation

    Clement, P. (2020). Japanese Grosbeak (Eophona personata). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 21 January 2020).