Temminck and Schlegel, 1844,
Traditionally considered to belong to species-group centred on O. bakkamoena (which see). Formerly treated as part of a highly variable O. bakkamoena, but significant differences in vocalizations, as well as in eye colour, indicate separate species. Race ussuriensis formerly placed in O. lettia, but is closer to semitorques in voice and plumage characters, and also intermediate in eye colour; recent molecular analysis shows ussuriensis to be only distantly related to O. lettia#R, and another recent molecular study indicates that Korean population traditionally regarded as belonging in O. lettia (ussuriensis) is very close to semitorques#R. Smaller, redder race pryeri has been considered a separate species#R. Proposed race aurorae (N China coast) included in ussuriensis. Three subspecies currently recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!