French: Padda de Java German: Reisamadine Spanish: Capuchino arrocero de Java
“Asia and Ethiopia” = Java
Java and Bali. Widely introduced elsewhere: Sumatra, Bawean, Borneo, Lombok, Sumbawa, Sulawesi, Philippines, Caroline Is, Japan, SE China, Taiwan, Myanmar (Arakan and Tenasserim, perhaps extirpated), Thailand (N Bangkok, Phuket I), Vietnam, Cambodia, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore (perhaps extirpated), India, Sri Lanka, Kenya, Tanzania (including Zanzibar and Pemba), Seychelles, Cocos Is, Christmas I, Fiji, Samoa, Tonga, Hawaiian Is, Florida, Puerto Rico, Venezuela, St Helena I.
15–16 cm; 22·5–27·8 g. Male has forehead, crown, lores, chin and upper throat black, black line around conspicuous white lower face; upperparts pale bluish grey... read more
Calls include low churring “tup, t-luk” or “ch-luk”, a sharp “tak... read more
Open grassland and wilderness ground, cultivations (especially rice fields), open woodland; also... read more
Food and feeding
Cereal crops, especially rice, also other grass seeds, spilled grain, seeds of flowering plants, including bamboo and Lantana camara... read more
Breeds at end of rainy season, Apr–Aug on Java and Bali; introduced populations Sept–Feb (and one egg record Jun and... read more
Resident or nomadic. Post-breeding flocks often make substantial short-distance movements in... read more
Status and conservation
ENDANGERED. CITES II. Very uncommon and local. Population in native range fewer than 10,000 individuals; decreasing. Has declined greatly in its original range as a result of... read more
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