Family Waxbills (Estrildidae)

Vulnerable

Java Sparrow (Lonchura oryzivora)


Taxonomy

French: Padda de Java German: Reisamadine Spanish: Capuchino arrocero de Java
Taxonomy:

Loxia oryzivora

Linnaeus

, 1758,

“Asia and Ethiopia” = Java

.

See remarks under L. fuscata. Monotypic.

Distribution:

Java and Bali. Widely introduced elsewhere: Sumatra, Bawean, Borneo, Lombok, Sumbawa, Sulawesi, Philippines, Caroline Is, Japan, SE China, Taiwan, Myanmar (Arakan and Tenasserim, perhaps extirpated), Thailand (N Bangkok, Phuket I), Vietnam, Cambodia, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore (perhaps extirpated), India, Sri Lanka, Kenya, Tanzania (including Zanzibar and Pemba), Seychelles, Cocos Is, Christmas I, Fiji, Samoa, Tonga, Hawaiian Is, Florida, Puerto Rico, Venezuela, St Helena I.

Descriptive notes

15–16 cm; 22·5–27·8 g. Male has forehead, crown, lores, chin and upper throat black, black line around conspicuous white lower face; upperparts pale bluish-grey... read more

Voice

Calls include low churring "tup, t-luk" or "ch-luk", a sharp "tak";... read more

Habitat

Open grassland and wilderness ground, cultivations (especially rice fields), open woodland; also... read more

Food and feeding

Cereal crops, especially rice, also other grass seeds, spilled grain, seeds of flowering plants, including bamboo and Lantana camara... read more

Breeding

Breeds at end of rainy season, Apr–Aug in Java and Bali; introduced populations Sept–Feb (and one egg record Jun and nest-... read more

Movements

Resident or nomadic. Post-breeding flocks often make substantial short-distance movements in... read more

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. CITES II. Uncommon and local. Population in native range fewer than 10,000 individuals; decreasing. Has declined greatly in its original range as a result of... read more

Recommended citation

Payne, R. & Sharpe, C.J. (2018). Java Sparrow (Lonchura oryzivora). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/61184 on 21 June 2018).