Family Leafbirds (Chloropseidae)

Near Threatened

Javan Leafbird (Chloropsis cochinchinensis)


French: Verdin de Java German: Javablattvogel Spanish: Verdín de Java

Turdus cochinchinensis

J. F. Gmelin

, 1789,

Cochinchina; error = Java


Previously considered conspecific with C. moluccensis and, earlier, also with C. jerdoni and C. kinabaluensis. Split from C. moluccensis is recent, and based on being genetically rather distinct#R; also differs morphologically from moluccensis by its (in male) greater amount of yellow (slightly orange-tinged) on breast below black ‘bib’ but greatly reduced yellow at side of ‘bib’ and on lower face (2); no yellow on any part of the crown (3); much more turquoise-green, less royal blue wingpanel (2); and (in female) generally more distinct turquoise-green throat contrasting with yellow-green underparts (a few females of some other taxa have a turquoise-green suffusion on the throat) (ns[1]). The name nigricollis, long used for Javan birds, has no designated type or type locality, and therefore no formal taxonomic standing#R; in addition, its original description does not fit at all well with present species. Monotypic.



Descriptive notes

16–18 cm. Male has black mask from lores to throat, enclosing short, intensely violet-blue jawline flash and partly enclosing eye, shape of bib individually variable;... read more


Limited information available, but appears to be extremely similar to C. moluccensis.


Canopy and edge of mature and disturbed evergreen and semi-evergreen forests; also well-grown... read more

Food and feeding

Generalist; diet includes arthropods, also fruits, probably also nectar. Arthropods, gleaned from foliage, include orthopterans up to size... read more


Active nests in Feb, Apr and Jul. Open hammock-type nest of tendrils, dry grasses, “rootlets” and the odd tree leaf, heavily... read more



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. Now generally uncommon to rather rare, though still locally common; nevertheless, infrequently recorded at many... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Elliott, A. (2019). Javan Leafbird (Chloropsis cochinchinensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 May 2019).