Family Waxbills (Estrildidae)

Least Concern

Javan Munia (Lonchura leucogastroides)


French: Capucin javanais German: Javabronzemännchen Spanish: Capuchino de Java

Munia leucogastroides

F. Moore

, 1858,



Has in the past been considered conspecific with L. leucogastra, which it closely resembles in plumage. Monotypic.


S Sumatra (perhaps introduced), Java, Bali and Lombok; recorded in W Sumbawa#R. Introduced in Singapore and S Malay Peninsula#R.

Descriptive notes

10·11 cm; 11·7 g. Male has forehead, face and throat to breast black, crown to back dark greyish-brown, rump and upper­tail-coverts black, flight-feathers and tail... read more


Call a short "tit"; two loud contact calls, male a simple "p'tit", female a... read more


Cultivation, rice fields, old fields, edge of mangrove forest, grassland at edge of inland forest,... read more

Food and feeding

Seeds of grasses and cultivated rice, both ripe and unripe, also seeds of herbs. Forages on ground, also in vegetation, including tall... read more


Throughout year in Java, and in wetter part of year on Lombok; Mar–Oct in Singapore (introduced). Courtship includes a straw display... read more


Resident; some local movements.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Common to locally common or very common. Locally common in S Sumatra, where possibly introduced or may have colonized from Java; very common in Bali... read more

Recommended citation

Payne, R. & de Juana, E. (2019). Javan Munia (Lonchura leucogastroides). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 6 December 2019).