Family Plovers (Charadriidae)

Near Threatened

Javan Plover (Charadrius javanicus)


French: Pluvier de Java German: Javaregenpfeifer Spanish: Chorlitejo javanés

Charadrius javanicus


, 1938,



Taxonomic status very unclear; tentatively treated as distinct species, closely related to C. marginatus, C. alexandrinus, C. dealbatus, C. nivosus and C. ruficapillus, and all have on occasion been considered conspecific. Various authors associate it with different species; most often treated as race of C. alexandrinus; alternatively linked with C. ruficapillus or even with C. peronii, although appears to be quite different structurally from latter; very poorly known, and much more research needed. Monotypic.


Java, Kangean Is, Bali and W & C Lesser Sundas E to Timor#R; recently also S Sumatra#R and SW Sulawesi#R.

Descriptive notes

15 cm. Differs from similar species by rufous-cinnamon extending from crown down hindneck onto sides of breast, with reduced dark brown to blackish-brown patch below; black... read more


Until recently, very few data, other than a ‘soft, rising single note, kweek repeated... read more


Coastal lowlands, on sandy and pebbly beaches and at inland fishponds and on rice fields. Recorded... read more

Food and feeding

Very few data available, but has been observed hunting crabs at low tide in typical manner of other small Charadrius species.... read more


Virtually no information available. Breeding recently recorded in Jun, W Java, where season probably mainly May–Aug, but chicks... read more


Sedentary, as far as is known, but there are records, all recent, from Sumatra, Flores and Lombok,... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened, but may warrant listing as Vulnerable based on recently gathered data, despite recent expansion in range,... read more

Recommended citation

Wiersma, P. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Javan Plover (Charadrius javanicus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 26 January 2020).