Family Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Near Threatened

Javan Yellownape (Chrysophlegma mentale)


French: Pic gorgeret German: Java-Tropfenkehlspecht Spanish: Pito gargantilla de Java
Other common names: Chequer-throated Woodpecker (when lumped with C. humii)

Picus mentalis


, 1826,



Closely related (with C. humii) to C. flavinucha. Hitherto treated as conspecific with C. humii, but differs in male’s small-spotted (not thickly streaked) throat, continuous on malar area (where in humii the spotting is denser and buffier) (3); crest rusty brown as on breast (bright pale yellow in humii), so that bright pale yellow is confined to hindneck, and in female the rusty-brown colour extends forwards as a supercilium to the lores (3); upperparts duller, plainer green (1); darker crimson vs rustier red wingpanel (ns[1]); slightly smaller in bill (effect size –1.84; score 1) but longer in wing and especially tail (effect size 3.74; score 2). Monotypic.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.


Descriptive notes

26–28 cm. Male has dark green to olive forehead and crown, sometimes rufous feather tips at side, elongated nape feathers mostly chestnut, yellow hindneck; dark green ear-... read more


Single “kyick” calls, sometimes followed by series of longer “kwee” or “kyew” notes, which can also... read more


Primary evergreen forest, especially wetter parts; prefers areas with dense understorey and large... read more

Food and feeding

Few specific data. Diet mostly of small invertebrates, occasionally some berries. Forages singly and in pairs; not infrequently in mixed-... read more


Nesting recorded in Mar in W Java. Nest excavated in dead stub; clutch 2 or 3 eggs. No other information.



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. Generally uncommon to rare. In W Java apparently now restricted to mountain-forest fragments, where very small... read more

Recommended citation

Winkler, H. & Christie, D.A. (2020). Javan Yellownape (Chrysophlegma mentale). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 17 January 2020).