Relationship with African congeners unknown. Recently split from M. assamica on basis of pronounced differences in, especially, vocalizations, song-flight, other behaviour, habitat choice, and cytochrome b gene sequences (13.4%); equally large genetic (respectively, 13.7% and 15.1%) and vocal differences from M. erythrocephala and M. microptera, both of which were also previously merged with M. assamica. Sri Lankan population often separated as race ceylonensis. Monotypic.
E & S India and Sri Lanka.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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