Family Starlings (Sturnidae)

Least Concern

Jungle Myna (Acridotheres fuscus)


French: Martin forestier German: Dschungelmaina Spanish: Miná de la jungla

Pastor fuscus


, 1827,

East Bengal, India


In the past sometimes considered conspecific with A. grandis; also treated as including A. cinereus and A. javanicus as races. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • A. f. fuscus (Wagler, 1827) – N Pakistan E through Himalayan foothills to NE India (Assam), S in lower hills to Rajasthan and N Odisha, and to Bangladesh; also Myanmar (except N & E).
  • A. f. mahrattensis (Sykes, 1832) – W India from Rajasthan S to Kerala, E to W Tamil Nadu.
  • A. f. fumidus Ripley, 1950 – E Assam and Nagaland, in NE India.
  • A. f. torquatus W. R. Davison, 1892 – Malay Peninsula (except extreme S).
  • Introduced (nominate race) in Fiji, Futuna#R, Samoa#R and Taiwan.

    Descriptive notes

    24 cm; 72–98 g. Greyish myna with elongated and hackled forehead feathers directed upwards in mid-line to form short, bristle-like frontal crest; crown and nape... read more


    Song a loud, hoarse "screeow" repeated in short series; group song of harsh grating rasps rapidly... read more


    Forest edge and clearings, deciduous woodland near open areas, including cultivated lands, tea... read more

    Food and feeding

    Diet includes insects, fruit, seeds and nectar. Insect food comprises grasshoppers, mole-crickets and crickets (Orthoptera), termites (... read more


    Season Jan–Jul; in India Apr–Jul in N and Feb–May in S; Jan–May in Malaysia; multi-brooded. Monogamous. Colonial... read more


    Generally resident; seasonal movements in some regions, such as Nepal. In NE India, race ... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Locally common in Indian Subcontinent; uncommon to locally common in Myanmar and Malay Peninsula. Was introduced in Fiji deliberately as a means of... read more

    Recommended citation

    Craig, A. & Feare, C. (2020). Jungle Myna (Acridotheres fuscus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 17 February 2020).