Family Tits and Chickadees (Paridae)

Least Concern

Juniper Titmouse (Baeolophus ridgwayi)


French: Mésange des genévriers German: Wacholdermeise Spanish: Herrerillo de Ridgway

Parus inornatus ridgwayi


, 1902,

Iron City, Utah, USA


Until recently treated as conspecific with B. inornatus, but morphology and voice differ. Race zaleptus poorly differentiated, and species sometimes treated as monotypic. Supposedly darker birds in S of range (S from NC Arizona and SW New Mexico) proposed as race plumbescens, but included in nominate. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • B. r. zaleptus Oberholser, 1932 – W USA (SE Oregon, E California, W Nevada).
  • B. r. ridgwayi (Richmond, 1902) – WC USA (S Idaho E to Colorado and extreme W Oklahoma, S to SE Arizona, New Mexico and extreme W Texas) and extreme N Mexico (NE Sonora).
  • Descriptive notes

    15–16 cm; 15·2–23·1 g. Large tit with short crest, grey upperparts and whitish underparts. Nominate race has crown, crest and upperparts, including... read more


    Calls include soft “tup”, thin “sit” and scolding “churrrrrrrrrr... read more


    Breeds in pinyon-juniper (Pinus-Juniperus) woodland, occasionally with oak (... read more

    Food and feeding

    Food includes small invertebrates and larvae; also acorns, leaf buds and some fruit, principally berries. Usually solitary or in pairs,... read more


    Not well documented. Season mid-Apr to late Jul. Nest made mostly of hair, grass, bark, moss and rootlets; placed 0·3–3... read more


    Mainly resident. Some, probably juveniles, make short-distance movements in Sept–Mar to lower... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Generally rather local or uncommon; rare in N Mexico (Sonora).

    Recommended citation

    Gosler, A. & Clement, P. (2020). Juniper Titmouse (Baeolophus ridgwayi). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 February 2020).