French: Monarque de Kauai German: Kauaimonarch Spanish: Elepaio de Kauai
Kauai, in W Hawaiian Is.
14–16 cm; 11–18 g, male on average c. 10% larger than female. Distinctive, with long graduated tail often held cocked at an angle, conspicuous white rump and wingbars. Crown... read more
Male’s primary song a squeaky, whistled “el-pai-o” of two or three more or less... read more
Widely distributed in variety of forest habitats above c. 900 m elevation. Abundance highest in... read more
Food and feeding
All elepaios feed primarily on arthropods, particularly insects and spiders (native and introduced species), which are taken on various... read more
Timing of nesting variable; nestbuilding observed in Mar and Apr, and earliest clutch in late Mar. Socially monogamous, remains paired year... read more
Sedentary. Adults presumably remain on same territory until death. No information on natal... read more
Status and conservation
VULNERABLE. Restricted-range species: present in Central Hawaiian Islands EBA. Still fairly common. Total population estimated at 40,000 birds in 1970s, apparently reduced (... read more
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