Family Finches (Fringillidae)

Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)

Kauai Nukupuu (Hemignathus hanapepe)


Taxonomy

French: Nukupuu de Kauai German: Kauai-Sichelkleidervogel Spanish: Nukupuu de Kauai
Taxonomy:

Hemignathus hanapepe

S. B. Wilson

, 1889,

Kauai

.

Long considered conspecific with H. affinis and †H. lucidus, but plumage differences and genetic distances suggest that treatment as three separate species more appropriate. Monotypic.

Distribution:

Kauai, in Hawaiian Is. Possibly extinct#R.

Descriptive notes

14·5 cm; 27 g. Medium-sized honeycreeper having long, downcurved bill with lower mandible half length of upper one ("heterobill"), thinner at base than bill of ... read more

Voice

Call a whistled 2-note "keeewit". Song a short warble, apparently similar to that of H. wilsoni... read more

Habitat

Mesic to wet ohia-koa (Metrosideros polymorpha-Acacia koa) forest.

Food and feeding

Food insects and other invertebrates. Forages in canopy of ohia and koa trees, and in understorey trees such as kalia (Elaeocarpus... read more

Breeding

No information.

Movements

Resident.

Status and conservation

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED (POSSIBLY EXTINCT). Almost certainly extinct. Restricted-range species: present in Central Hawaiian Islands EBA. Occurred over whole island before... read more

Recommended citation

Pratt, D. & Sharpe, C.J. (2017). Kauai Nukupuu (Hemignathus hanapepe). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/61446 on 23 November 2017).