Family Finches (Fringillidae)

Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)

Kauai Nukupuu (Hemignathus hanapepe)


French: Nukupuu de Kauai German: Kauai-Sichelkleidervogel Spanish: Nukupuu de Kauai

Hemignathus hanapepe

S. B. Wilson

, 1889,



Long considered conspecific with H. affinis and †H. lucidus, but plumage differences and genetic distances suggest that treatment as three separate species more appropriate. Monotypic.


Kauai, in Hawaiian Is. Possibly extinct#R.

Descriptive notes

14·5 cm; 27 g. Medium-sized honeycreeper having long, downcurved bill with lower mandible half length of upper one ("heterobill"), thinner at base than bill of ... read more


Call a whistled 2-note "keeewit". Song a short warble, apparently similar to that of H. wilsoni... read more


Mesic to wet ohia-koa (Metrosideros polymorpha-Acacia koa) forest.

Food and feeding

Food insects and other invertebrates. Forages in canopy of ohia and koa trees, and in understorey trees such as kalia (Elaeocarpus... read more


No information.



Status and conservation

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED (POSSIBLY EXTINCT). Almost certainly extinct. Restricted-range species: present in Central Hawaiian Islands EBA. Occurred over whole island before... read more

Recommended citation

Pratt, D. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Kauai Nukupuu (Hemignathus hanapepe). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 February 2020).