Family Ducks, Geese, Swans (Anatidae)

Least Concern

Kelp Goose (Chloephaga hybrida)


French: Ouette marine German: Kelpgans Spanish: Cauquén caranca

Anas Hybrida


, 1782,

Chiloé Island, Chile


Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • C. h. hybrida (Molina, 1782) – coastal S Chile, Tierra del Fuego; winters N to Chubut coast, Argentina.
  • C. h. malvinarum J. C. Phillips, 1916 – Falkland Is.
  • Descriptive notes

    55–65 cm; male 2540–2580 g, female 2000–2020 g (hybrida); male 3250–3600 g, female 2050–2800 g (malvinarum). Male all white,... read more


    Sexually dimorphic vocalizations: male gives whistled “si-si-si” and female a low honking “arnk-... read more


    Breeds on coastal freshwater lakes but spends most of year along rocky coastlines (but not cliffs)... read more

    Food and feeding

    Almost entirely vegetarian, although small invertebrates may be ingested incidentally; forages along the coastline feeding on seaweed (... read more


    Starts Oct/Nov, with goslings in Dec/early Jan in continental South America, while on Falkland Is most young hatch in Nov. In single pairs... read more


    Continental race relatively sedentary, with small-scale winter movements along coast of Chile and N... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Size of total population poorly known, but thought to be abundant. Common resident and widely distributed in Falkland Is, where the... read more

    Recommended citation

    Carboneras, C. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Kelp Goose (Chloephaga hybrida). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 9 December 2019).