Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Least Concern

Key West Quail-dove (Geotrygon chrysia)


French: Colombe à joues blanches German: Bahamataube Spanish: Paloma perdiz barbiqueja

Geotrygon chrysia


, 1855,



Like most of congeners, formerly placed in genus Oreopeleia. Probably closely related to G. mystacea. Monotypic.


Bahamas (S to San Salvador and N Caicos) through Cuba and I of Pines to Hispaniola and Puerto Rico. Formerly also Florida Keys, where now merely vagrant.

Descriptive notes

Male 27–31 cm, female 27–30 cm; 109–212 g. Chestnut-brown above, with bronze-green or amethyst iridescence on crown, nape and hindneck; mantle, back, rump... read more


Advertising call is a repeated, single, low-pitched cooing note (duration c. 1–1·5 seconds, pitch c... read more


Semi-arid woodland, lowland scrub and wet montane forests with undisturbed understorey up to at... read more

Food and feeding

Feeds on seeds, berries and fallen fruit; also known to take snails; eats fruit of poisonwood. In Puerto Rico, feeds on fallen fruit of... read more


Generally Feb–Aug; song heard from Jan to early Sept in Bahamas. One nest consisted of light, dry twigs and was reminiscent of nest... read more


Little known, but species is currently a vagrant to Florida (c. 12 records since 1950s, mainly in... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Uncommon in S Bahamas and local on Puerto Rico, though not uncommon at Susua State Forest. Local in Dominican Republic, but not... read more

Recommended citation

Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2019). Key West Quail-dove (Geotrygon chrysia). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 11 December 2019).