Family Honeyeaters (Meliphagidae)

Least Concern

Kikau (Foulehaio procerior)


French: Méliphage d’Ovalau German: Westfidschi-Honigfresser Spanish: Mielero carunculado de Viti Levu
Other common names: Western Wattled Honeyeater

Ptilotis procerior

Finsch and Hartlaub

, 1867,

Ovalau Island, Fiji


Until recently considered conspecific with F. taviunensis and F. carunculatus, but differs from both in characters given under those species. Split supported by molecular evidence#R. Monotypic.


W & C Fiji: Yasawa and Mamanuca Groups, Viti Levu, Vatulele, Beqa, Lomaiviti Group (including Ovalau), and Yasayasa Moala Group.

Descriptive notes

19–21 cm; 25·2–45·4 g. Compared to formerly conspecific F. carunculatus, present species is much darker, with yellow on face confined to narrow bare submoustachial... read more


No known differences between this species and F. taviunensis and F. carunculatus... read more


Found in a variety of forested habitats. Occurs from near sea-level to 1450 m on Viti Levu.

Food and feeding

Diet largely comprises insects and nectar, but small vertebrates (skinks and geckos) have also been recorded. Probably also takes some soft... read more


Probably breeds year-round, like other members of F. carunculatus species-group, with most pairs presumably raising two or more... read more


Specimen record from Kadavu, in SW Fiji, and may occur there occasionally.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Restricted range species: present in Fiji EBA. Generally common or abundant. Little-understood variation in distribution and... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Kikau (Foulehaio procerior). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 27 January 2020).