Family New World Warblers (Parulidae)

Near Threatened

Kirtland's Warbler (Setophaga kirtlandii)


French: Paruline de Kirtland German: Michiganwaldsänger Spanish: Reinita de Kirtland

Sylvicola kirtlandii

S. F. Baird

, 1852,

near Cleveland, Ohio, USA


Possible hybrid between this species and S. fusca reported from Hispaniola. Monotypic.


NC Michigan, recently expanding to Upper Peninsula of Michigan and Wisconsin#R, in N USA, and S Ontario, in Canada#R; migrates to Bahamas and Turks and Caicos Is.

Descriptive notes

14–15 cm; 12·2–16 g. Male has grey head, with black lores and white eye-crescents; upperparts grey, streaked black, two indistinct white bars on greater... read more


Song loud, lively and relatively low-pitched, and rises in pitch, volume and tempo; may be... read more


Breeds in dense stands of young jack pine (Pinus banksiana) 2–7 m high, with ground... read more

Food and feeding

Feeds mainly on insects and other arthropods; also takes blueberries in middle to late summer on breeding grounds, and other small fruits... read more


Season May–Jul, egg-laying May–Jun, occasionally into early Jul. Polygyny recorded, up to 15% of males polygynous in some years... read more


Long-distance migrant. Young leave breeding grounds mainly in Aug, adults may linger into early Oct... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Michigan Jack Pine Savanna Secondary Area, and wintering in Bahamas EBA.... read more

Recommended citation

Curson, J. (2019). Kirtland's Warbler (Setophaga kirtlandii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 July 2019).