Family Crombecs and allies (Macrosphenidae)

Least Concern

Kretschmer's Longbill (Macrosphenus kretschmeri)


Taxonomy

French: Nasique de Kretschmer German: Suaheli-Bülbülgrasmücke Spanish: Picolargo de Kretschmer
Taxonomy:

Phyllostrephus [sic] kretschmeri

Reichenow and Neumann

, 1895,

Kibosho, Mount Kilimanjaro, c. 2500 m, Tanzania

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Originally considered to be a greenbul (Pycnonotidae) and was assigned to monospecific Suaheliornis, based on its larger size, longer tail and stouter bill. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • M. k. kretschmeri (Reichenow & Neumann, 1895) – NE & E Tanzania: Mt Kilimanjaro, Moshi, and from Usambaras and Ngurus S to Ulugurus and Udzungwas (in Mwahihana and Magombera Forests), and on coast in forests of Kiono, Pugu, Kazimzumbwe and Kiwengome.
  • M. k. griseiceps Grote, 1911 – SE Tanzania (Mikandani) and N Mozambique (Netia).
  • Descriptive notes

    14–14·5 cm; 17·5–22 g. Rather large greenbul-like warbler with long straight bill and pale eyes. Has top and side of head greyish-olive, upperparts and upperwing-... read more

    Voice

    Song, from concealed perch, bulbul-like, a quick phrase of c. 4 loud clear notes, the first higher... read more

    Habitat

    Dense undergrowth and middle stratum of lowland and intermediate-level forest; bushy forest edge;... read more

    Food and feeding

    Insects. Forages singly, in pairs or in small groups. Forages in thick vegetation; searches among leaves on forest floor.

    Breeding

    Birds in breeding condition in Feb and Apr in Tanzania. No other information.

    Movements

    Sedentary.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Common at Netia, in N Mozambique; otherwise uncommon to locally common. Nominate race formerly occurred also in Kitovu Forest, in SE Kenya. Has... read more

    Recommended citation

    Pearson, D. (2019). Kretschmer's Longbill (Macrosphenus kretschmeri). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/58844 on 21 February 2019).