Smyrna (Izmir), west Turkey.
A member of a species group that contains also S. whiteheadi, S. ledanti, S. villosa, S. yunnanensis and S. canadensis. Present species has sometimes been treated as conspecific with S. canadensis, at least, but differs from that and all others in group in rufous breast patch (significant in courtship and territorial display) and relatively large difference between adults and juveniles. Closest relative is S. ledanti, which see. Monotypic.
Extreme E Greece (Lesbos), Turkey (except most of C & E), extreme SW Russia (Krasnodar region and N watershed of NW Caucasus) and S Georgia (foothills of Kuzey Anadolu Mts).
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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