Hemprich and Ehrenberg, 1833,
Nubia, north Africa.
Previously treated as conspecific with O. chrysopygia, but the two differ considerably in plumage; they are claimed to intergrade in NW Iran, with intermediates reported, having been named as race cummingi; however, "cummingi" may actually represent first-year plumage of present species#R, and no proof of intergradation has been put forward; further study required. Monotypic.
SE Turkey to SW Iran and extreme NE Iraq#R; non-breeding poorly known, mostly E Egypt (Nile Valley and Eastern Desert) and W Arabian Peninsula; scarce also in Judean Desert of S Israel.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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