French: Pic arlequin German: Texasspecht Spanish: Pico mexicano
central Veracruz, Mexico
Subspecies and Distribution
D. s. cactophilus
Oberholser, 1911 – SW USA (from SE California, S Nevada, SW Utah, SE Colorado, W Oklahoma and W Texas) S to NE Baja California and S in C Mexico to Michoacán and Puebla.
D. s. eremicus
Oberholser, 1911 – N Baja California.
D. s. lucasanus
(Xántus, 1860) – S Baja California.
D. s. soulei
(Banks, 1963) – Cerralvo I, off SE Baja California
D. s. sinaloensis
Ridgway, 1887 – coastal W Mexico from S Sonora S to Guerrero, SW Puebla and CS Oaxaca.
D. s. graysoni
(S. F. Baird, 1874) – Tres Marías Is, off W Mexico.
D. s. scalaris
(Wagler, 1829) – Veracruz to Tabasco and Chiapas.
D. s. parvus
(S. Cabot, 1844) – N Yucatán Peninsula, including Cozumel I and Holbox I.
D. s. leucoptilurus
Oberholser, 1911 –
Belize, Guatemala and El Salvador to NE Nicaragua; recently found in Isla Juan Venado Reserve, NW Nicaragua#R.
18 cm; 21–48 g, mostly 25–41 g. Male has buffish forehead, black forecrown with broad red feather tips, red central crown to nape, narrowly black hindneck; broad... read more
Single “peek”, often repeated in alarm; accelerating series e.g. “cheekeekeekeekeekikk”, dropping... read more
Very arid country and deserts; open to semi-open woodland and woods along (seasonally dry) rivers,... read more
Food and feeding
Mainly insects, some other arthropods. Larvae and adults of beetles; also caterpillars, ants and hemipterans. Also takes fruit. Forages... read more
Laying recorded Mar–Jul, normally Apr–Jun. Flutter-aerial display and other typical displays. Nest excavated at c. 1... read more
Resident and sedentary.
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Fairly common in USA; common to fairly common in Mexico. Estimated density 1·15 birds/40 ha in one study area in S California. Long-term... read more
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