Family Falcons, Caracaras (Falconidae)

Near Threatened

Laggar Falcon (Falco jugger)


French: Faucon laggar German: Laggarfalke Spanish: Halcón yággar

Falco jugger

J. E. Gray

, 1834,



Closest to and sometimes considered race of F. biarmicus; genetic data indicate that these two, along with F. cherrug and F. rusticolus, form a group of closely related species#R. Monotypic.


Pakistan E throughout most of India and Nepal (terai) to N Bangladesh, also W Myanmar; absent from extreme S India. Occurs also locally in NE Afghanistan#R and possibly SE Iran.

Descriptive notes

39–46 cm; 525–850 g (sexes combined); wingspan 88–107 cm. Large, slender, long-winged and longish-tailed falcon with long, narrow dark moustachial... read more


Drawn-out, shrill "whi-ee-ee" or even more prolonged "whi-eee-eee" given in... read more


Arid to semi-arid open country, including dry woodland, cultivated areas, villages, and even cities... read more

Food and feeding

Mostly birds, including doves and gamebirds, but principally passerines; also wide variety of small mammals, including bats; reptiles,... read more


Laying Jan–Apr, or Feb–May in N of range. Nests in variety of sites: old stick nests of other birds, especially corvids and... read more


Mostly sedentary. Partial local migrations reported in India, and old specimens from S Turkmenistan... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. CITES I. Currently considered Near Threatened. Uncommon to rare and local. Population in 1970s estimated at 10,000–25,000 pairs, but now... read more

Recommended citation

Clark, W.S., Kirwan, G.M. & Marks, J.S. (2020). Laggar Falcon (Falco jugger). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 January 2020).