Family Manakins (Pipridae)

Least Concern

Lance-tailed Manakin (Chiroxiphia lanceolata)


French: Manakin lancéolé German: Lanzettschwanzpipra Spanish: Saltarín lanceolado

Pipra lanceolata


, 1830,

“Guiana sive Cajenna”; error = Cerro Turumiquire, Sucre, Venezuela


Has sometimes been treated as conspecific with C. linearis and C. pareola. Differs (in males) from former in its very short vs extremely long tail projections (unmeasured but clearly 4); longer rest of tail (effect size 3.94; score 2); duller black (vaguely shot matt blue) on face and underparts (1); narrower black frons (1); and somewhat scratchier-sounding song (1); and from latter in its very short vs non-existent tail projections (2); much less specialized outer primaries (2); duller blue-grey-black vs velvety black body plumage (2); narrower black frons (1); and seemingly very different voice#R (score at least 1). Monotypic.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.

Pacific coastal region of extreme SW Costa Rica and Panama (including Coiba I and Cébaco I), N Colombia along Caribbean coast (including around Santa Marta and Perijá Ranges), and N Venezuela N of R Orinoco (E, including Margarita I, to Paria Peninsula); also locally in middle Magdalena Valley in Colombia (Tolima, Cundinamarca).

Descriptive notes

Male 13·5 cm (including elongated tail feathers), 2 birds 15·1 g and 17·9 g; female 13 cm (including elongated tail feathers), 14·1–19·8 g. Male has short black frontal... read more


Male call, in duet with another male, a clear, musical “to-wit-doo”; during courtship dance... read more


Woodland with thick lower growth, from dry to humid, including patches of thick scrub and second-... read more

Food and feeding

Mainly fruits from shrubs and small trees, plucked in flight; also insects.


Aug–Sept in Panama. Male displays low down on slender horizontal stems, where joined by a subordinate male, the two alternately... read more


Apparently sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Fairly common to locally common; common throughout N Venezuela. Relatively wide habitat tolerance should ensure its survival. Present... read more

Recommended citation

Snow, D. (2020). Lance-tailed Manakin (Chiroxiphia lanceolata). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 February 2020).