Ceblephyris [sic] Javensis
Hitherto considered conspecific with C. macei. Moreover, commonly treated as two species, nominate being one and all other taxa grouping under “C. nipalensis”; vocally, however, nominate is very similar to races nipalensis and siamensis, so basis for maintaining it as a separate species is, on present evidence, weak. Some authors#R treat race larutensis as a full species. Intriguingly, this race (often subject of speculation as to which species it belonged when C. javensis was separated from “C. nipalensis”/C. macei) is relatively distinctive in both plumage and voice: differs from both others in its shorter, higher and sonographically different-shaped calls#R, and from “C. nipalensis” (minus C. macei) in its primaries and wing-coverts lacking pale fringes, forming a bold black “line” when wing folded, darker upperparts, most notably on rump, although vs siamensis this character minor, and weaker, less extensive barring on belly in female; and from C. javensis in its overall darker grey colour with (in male) much darker chin and throat, more extensively grey vs largely white lower belly (more obvious in male), browner, darker shade of grey on throat and breast in female. Race rexpineti, surprisingly, has voice that resembles more that of C. striata, but voice of mainland Chinese birds apparently unknown. Further research needed on this complex. Seven subspecies provisionally recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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