Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)


Large Green-pigeon (Treron capellei)


French: Colombar de Capelle German: Dickschnabeltaube Spanish: Vinago grande

Columba capellei


, 1822,



Formerly placed in monotypic genus Butreron#R; affinities uncertain, but appears to be allied to the predominant Asian Treron lineage, rather than the pin-tailed and wedge-tailed forms. Geographical variation slight and possibly clinal#R; species may be better treated as monotypic. Proposed race passorhina (from Matasiri I, off SE Borneo) considered inseparable from magnirostris. Two subspecies tentatively recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • T. c. magnirostris Strickland, 1844 – Malay Peninsula, Sumatra and associated islands, and Borneo. No recent records from Myanmar (S Tenasserim)#R.
  • T. c. capellei (Temminck, 1822) – Java (no recent records#R).
  • Descriptive notes

    35–36 cm; 411–500 g. Largest member of genus. General coloration light greyish olive green, palest on underparts and darkest on mantle and wing-coverts; median... read more


    A sequence of drawn-out, low-pitched, modulated whistles, each with a peculiar nasal growling... read more


    Lowland and foothill forest to 1300 m in Greater Sundas. Prefers primary forest and forest patches. read more

    Food and feeding

    Frugivorous, including figs (Ficus). Typically recorded in small groups of up to 12 birds; often reaches fruit by hanging upside-... read more


    No information available.


    No information available.

    Status and conservation

    VULNERABLE. Previously considered Near Threatened. The global population is estimated to be 15,000–30,000 individuals. It was once widely distributed and at least... read more

    Recommended citation

    Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M., Boesman, P. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2019). Large Green-pigeon (Treron capellei). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 13 December 2019).