Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)


Large Green-pigeon (Treron capellei)


French: Colombar de Capelle German: Dickschnabeltaube Spanish: Vinago grande

Columba capellei


, 1822,



Formerly placed in monotypic genus Butreron#R; affinities uncertain, but appears to be allied to the predominant Asian Treron lineage, rather than the pin-tailed and wedge-tailed forms. Geographical variation slight and possibly clinal#R; species may be better treated as monotypic. Proposed race passorhina (from Matasiri I, off SE Borneo) considered inseparable from magnirostris. Two subspecies tentatively recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • T. c. magnirostris Strickland, 1844 – Malay Peninsula, Sumatra and associated islands, and Borneo. No recent records from Myanmar (S Tenasserim)#R.
  • T. c. capellei (Temminck, 1822) – Java (no recent records#R).
  • Descriptive notes

    35–36 cm; 411–500 g. Largest member of genus. General coloration light greyish olive green, palest on underparts and darkest on mantle and wing-coverts; median... read more


    A sequence of drawn-out, low-pitched, modulated whistles, each with a peculiar nasal growling... read more


    Lowland and foothill forest to 1300 m in Greater Sundas. Prefers primary forest and forest patches. read more

    Food and feeding

    Frugivorous, including figs (Ficus). Typically recorded in small groups of up to 12 birds; often reaches fruit by hanging upside-... read more


    No information available.


    No information available.

    Status and conservation

    VULNERABLE. Previously considered Near Threatened. Reported to be not uncommon locally in Sumatra and Borneo; status indeterminate in W Sumatran islands; rare in Java, with... read more

    Recommended citation

    Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M. & Boesman, P. (2018). Large Green-pigeon (Treron capellei). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 October 2018).