north of the Pir Panjal Range, in Kashmir.
Split fairly recently#R#R from N. caryocatactes (including N. hemispila), although sometimes still treated as conspecific#R. Differs from N. caryocatactes in its broad white spotting covering entire body apart from crown (3); much darker brown crown, hence contrasting with paler brown back (2); and much longer tail (effect size 6.95; score 3). Differs from N. hemispila in its broad white spotting covering entire body apart from crown (4); darker brown body plumage (although this apparent only as dark edges to bold white markings) (2); longer tail (effect size 2.25; score 2); moreover, it appears to be parapatric with nominate race of N. hemispila in NW Himalayas beyond Pir Panjal Range. Monotypic.
From E Afghanistan (NE Paktia and Nuristan), N & W Pakistan (Fort Sandeman N along Suleiman Range, Chitral, Gilgit, Baltistan) and Kashmir (Sind Valley, Kishtwar, Badrawar) E into NW India (E to Lahul, in Himachal Pradesh) and possibly adjacent extreme SW Xizang.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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