Family Tanagers (Thraupidae)


Large Tree-finch (Geospiza psittacula)


French: Géospize psittacin German: Papageischnabel-Darwinfink Spanish: Pinzón de Darwin lorito

Camarhynchus psittacula


, 1837,

Galapagos Islands


Along with G. pauper, G. parvula, G. heliobates and G. pallida, sometimes separated generically in Camarhynchus. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • G. p. habeli (P. L. Sclater & Salvin, 1870) – Pinta and Marchena, in N Galapagos Is.
  • G. p. affinis (Ridgway, 1894) – Fernandina and Isabela, in W Galapagos Is.
  • G. p. psittacula (Gould, 1837) – Santiago, Rábida, Santa Cruz, Santa Fe and Floreana, in C & S Galapagos Is. Previously also Pinzón (last seen in 1906)#R.
  • Descriptive notes

    13 cm; 15–21 g. The largest tree-finch, tail proportionately short and weak, deep bill approximately as long as it is deep, strongly arched culmen, mandible tips cross... read more


    Song a repeated series of 4–6 notes given in pairs, “chu-tzee chu-tzee chut-zee... read more


    Highland forests; may move to lower elevations during dry season.

    Food and feeding

    Food mainly arthropods, also native fruits. Forages under leaves and excavates dead branches in search of insects.


    Breeds mainly in wet season. Pair-bond may be kept over successive seasons. Nest built by male, a sphere with entrance towards top at side... read more


    Resident; some downslope movement in dry season suspected.

    Status and conservation

    VULNERABLE. Uncommon; widely distributed in the archipelago. Apparently extinct on Pinzón (Duncan) and Baltra (Seymour). Likely extinct on Floreana through... read more

    Recommended citation

    Jaramillo, A. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Large Tree-finch (Geospiza psittacula). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 February 2020).