Family Cardinals (Cardinalidae)

Least Concern

Lazuli Bunting (Passerina amoena)


French: Passerin azuré German: Lazulifink Spanish: Azulillo lapislázuli

Emberiza amœna


, 1822,

near Canyon City, Colorado, USA


Often treated as conspecific with P. cyanea, and the two hybridize extensively, but present species is more closely related to P. caerulea#R. Monotypic.


SW Canada (SE British Columbia, SW & extreme S Alberta and S fringe of Saskatchewan), W USA from C Washington and Oregon and most of California (except SE) E to W North Dakota and South Dakota, NW Nebraska, Colorado, N New Mexico and Arizona, and extreme NW Mexico (NW Baja California). Migrates to SE Arizona S through W Mexico to NW Oaxaca.

Descriptive notes

13–14 cm; male 13–19·5 g, female 12·7–16·9 g (California). Male has head, chin, throat and upper chest bright lazuli-blue, becoming... read more


Song a cheerful series of variously phrased warbling whistles, sometimes paired, often ending in... read more


Breeds in wide variety of brushy habitats, including arid brushy hillsides, wooded valleys and open... read more

Food and feeding

Food predominantly vegetable, mainly fruits and seeds of such plants as chickweed and wild oats (Avena), but also substantial... read more


Season May–Sept, mostly Jun–Aug; usually double-brooded. Monogamous; male occasionally polygynous. Nest-site chosen by female,... read more


Entirely migratory; no overlap between breeding and wintering ranges. Nocturnal migrant. Leaves... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Quite common or even abundant in suitable habitat over much of its range. Some populations under heavy, possibly unsustainable, pressure from Brown-... read more

Recommended citation

Brewer, D. (2020). Lazuli Bunting (Passerina amoena). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 February 2020).