French: Petit Blongios German: Amerikanische Zwergdommel Spanish: Avetorillo americano
Other common names:
Cory’s Bittern (“I. neoxenus”)
J. F. Gmelin
Subspecies and Distribution
I. e. exilis
(J. F. Gmelin, 1789) – SE Canada and E USA, W USA S to Baja California (NW Mexico), also Central America and Caribbean; N populations winter S to Central America and West Indies.
I. e. pullus
van Rossem, 1930 – NW Mexico (coastal S Sonora and Sinaloa).
I. e. erythromelas
(Vieillot, 1817) – E Panama, N Colombia, N Venezuela, Trinidad and the Guianas to Bolivia, Paraguay, SE Brazil and NE Argentina (Corrientes).
I. e. bogotensis
Chapman, 1914 – Andes of C Colombia (Antioquia, S Boyacá, Cundinamarca).
I. e. limoncochae
D. W. Norton, 1965 – NE Ecuador and NE Peru, and perhaps S Colombia.
I. e. peruvianus
J. Bond, 1955 – W Peru (mainly La Libertad to Lima).
28–36 cm; 46·7–95 g. Adult male has blackish cap, buff to tawny-chestnut face- and neck-sides, white chin, throat and underparts, with buff-brown streaks... read more
Considered to be rather vocal and may call throughout the day, at least in South America, but in... read more
Usually dense freshwater marshes with reeds, sedges, cattails or sawgrass at margins of lakes,... read more
Food and feeding
Mainly small fish (Fundulus, Lepomis, Perca); also aquatic insects (grasshoppers, dragonflies), molluscs,... read more
In N of range, laying Mar–Jul (including second and replacement clutches), becoming progressively later towards N, with season... read more
Nominate exilis performs widespread post-breeding dispersal reaching as far afield as NE... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). In USA, declining in many areas, especially in W & SE, and considered threatened or of special concern in several states, but... read more
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