Family Sandpipers, Snipes, Phalaropes (Scolopacidae)

Least Concern

Least Sandpiper (Calidris minutilla)


Taxonomy

French: Bécasseau minuscule German: Wiesenstrandläufer Spanish: Correlimos menudillo
Taxonomy:

Tringa minutilla

Vieillot

, 1819,

Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

.

Formerly placed in genus Erolia. In past, sometimes considered conspecific with C. subminuta. Monotypic.

Distribution:

E Aleutians and Alaska through NW & NC Canada to Quebec, Newfoundland and Nova Scotia. Winters from Oregon and New Jersey through S USA, Middle America and West Indies to N Chile and CE Brazil; regularly reaches Galapagos Is#R, rarely Hawaiian Is#R.

Descriptive notes

13–15 cm; male 15–36 g, female 20–33 g. Smallest of all shorebirds, with needle-like bill; dark brown upperparts with chestnut and grey fringes; head dark... read more

Voice

Several calls and songs used during breeding season, with unpaired males having three main types of... read more

Habitat

Breeds from subarctic tundra to far N boreal forest, farther S than other Nearctic Calidris... read more

Food and feeding

Benthic and terrestrial invertebrates smaller than 6 mm, such as small amphipods, particularly Corophium, gastropods, isopods,... read more

Breeding

Lays mid May to early Jun. Monogamous, for one season or longer. Territorial, with maximum reported density of 90 pairs over 111 ha (Queen... read more

Movements

Migratory. Moves in broad front over interior North America to S USA, Greater Antilles, Gulf of... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Total population previously estimated at in excess of 100,000 birds, of which 50,000–100,000 birds in Canada, but more recently... read more

Recommended citation

Van Gils, J., Wiersma, P. & Kirwan, G.M. (2017). Least Sandpiper (Calidris minutilla). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/53930 on 18 December 2017).