Family Tanagers (Thraupidae)

Least Concern

Lesser Antillean Bullfinch (Loxigilla noctis)


French: Pèrenoir rougegorge German: Rotkehl-Gimpeltangare Spanish: Semillero gorjirrojo

Fringilla noctis


, 1766,



Formerly considered conspecific with L. barbadensis. Eight subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • L. n. ridgwayi (Cory, 1892) – St John and St Croix (US Virgin Is) and N Lesser Antilles (Anguilla, St Martin, Barbuda and Antigua).
  • L. n. coryi (Ridgway, 1898) – Saba, St Eustatius, St Christopher (St Kitts), Nevis and Montserrat, in NW Lesser Antilles.
  • L. n. desiradensis Danforth, 1937 – La Désirade, in NC Lesser Antilles.
  • L. n. dominicana (Ridgway, 1898) – Guadeloupe, Is des Saintes, Marie Galante and Dominica, in NC Lesser Antilles.
  • L. n. noctis (Linnaeus, 1766) – Martinique, in SC Lesser Antilles.
  • L. n. sclateri J. A. Allen, 1880 – St Lucia, in SC Lesser Antilles.
  • L. n. crissalis (Ridgway, 1898) – St Vincent, in S Lesser Antilles.
  • L. n. grenadensis (Cory, 1892) – Grenada, in S Lesser Antilles.
  • Descriptive notes

    14–15·5 cm; 13·1–23·4 g . Male nominate race is black, with small red patch above and in front of eye, and red on throat; iris dark; bill... read more


    Song a crisp trill of 5–10 “tseep” notes usually ending with sharp “chuck... read more


    Tropical evergreen forest, deciduous woodlands, second growth, gardens, and forest understorey;... read more

    Food and feeding

    Diet varied; nectar, also fruits and seeds, as well as arthropods. Known to rob flowers of nectar; reaches nectar by biting a small hole at... read more


    Egg-laying Feb–Aug; Jan–Feb in Virgin Is. Nest domed, with opening at side, tends to be below 3 m, but varies (c. 1–5 m). Clutch 2–4 eggs,... read more


    Mainly sedentary. Possibly some dispersive movements.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Common in Lesser Antilles; fairly common and widespread on St John; local breeder on St Croix. Arrived c. 1960 in Virgin Is, where... read more

    Recommended citation

    Rising, J. & Jaramillo, A. (2019). Lesser Antillean Bullfinch (Loxigilla noctis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 14 December 2019).