Family Finches (Fringillidae)

Least Concern

Lesser Antillean Euphonia (Euphonia flavifrons)


French: Organiste des Petites Antilles German: Antillenorganist Spanish: Eufonia de las Antillas Menores

Emberiza flavifrons


, 1789,

St. Bartholomew


Hitherto treated as conspecific with E. musica and E. sclateri, but differs from both by its green vs yellow underparts (3); pale yellow vs black or yellow throat (ns[2]); bright yellow vs orange frons (ns[2]); bottle green vs glossy steel-blue mantle, back and wings (3); reduced dull yellowish-green vs bright yellowish-orange rump (3); and somewhat larger size (effect size for tail vs E. sclateri 6.6, score 3; for bill vs E. musica 2.9, score 2). Monotypic.


Lesser Antilles on Barbuda, Antigua, Guadeloupe, La Désirade, Dominica, Martinique, St Lucia, St Vincent and Grenada.

Descriptive notes

10–12 cm; 13·4–18·5 g (Guadeloupe). Small euphonia with short thick bill. Adult male has largely female-like plumage, except for large sky-blue hood (crown and nape), being... read more


Very few descriptions or recordings, but no differences in vocalizations are known between this... read more


Most frequently found in canopy of moist montane forest, but less frequently in woodland and forest... read more

Food and feeding

Small fruits, e.g., on St Vincent reported as eating buds of silk-cotton tree (Bombax); on St Lucia, at least, believed to feed... read more


Season Apr–May on St Lucia. Nest a grassy domed structure with side entrance, usually well concealed in moss and epiphytes in tree; on St... read more


Chiefly resident. Some intra-island movement recorded; a vagrant on St Barthélemy, St Christopher,... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Restricted-range species: present in Lesser Antilles EBA. Moderately common on St Lucia, where no evidence of any decline over the... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Lesser Antillean Euphonia (Euphonia flavifrons). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 28 February 2020).