Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

Lesser Antillean Pewee (Contopus latirostris)


Taxonomy

French: Moucherolle gobemouche German: Kleinantillen-Schnäppertyrann Spanish: Pibí puertorriqueño
Taxonomy:

Myiobius latirostris

J. P. Verreaux

, 1866,

St Lucia, Lesser Antilles

.

Races sometimes treated as three separate species; blancoi, brunneicapillus and latirostris have occasionally been referred to as, respectively, portoricensis, latirostris and oberi, presumably in error. Existing evidence for separation into three species fairly strong, but requires supplementation: nominate latirostris has uniformly milky-rufous underparts (2); narrow milky-rufous rump (2); and smallest bill size (effect size –1.81, score 1), while blancoi differs from brunneicapillus in its reduced white on throat (1); and larger bill (effect size 0.2, score 1); moreover, songs appear to show constant and considerable differences, but samples of all taxa too small for confidence. Three subspecies recognized.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.
Subspecies and Distribution
  • C. l. blancoi (Cabanis, 1875) – Puerto Rican Pewee – Puerto Rico.
  • C. l. brunneicapillus (Lawrence, 1878) – Lesser Antillean Pewee – Guadeloupe, Dominica and Martinique.
  • C. l. latirostris (J. P. Verreaux, 1866) – St Lucia Pewee – St Lucia.
  • Descriptive notes

    15 cm; 9·2–11·7 g (blancoi). Nominate race has head and upperparts dark olive-brown, paler lores; wings and tail blackish brown; chin pale,... read more

    Voice

    Song a rising “pree-e-e”; on Puerto Rico described as high-pitched trill rising up the scale (like... read more

    Habitat

    Mainly montane forest; less frequently drier forest, scrub and mangroves at lower elevations.

    Food and feeding

    Insects. Searches from perch low to ground and usually in open area beneath forest canopy; sits erect; sallies from perch to capture prey.

    Breeding

    Mar–Jun on Puerto Rico and May–Jun on St Lucia. Nest a cup made of leaves, lichen and moss, placed on branch or twig of tree or... read more

    Movements

    Resident.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Restricted-range species: present in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands EBA and Lesser Antilles EBA. Fairly common, but rather local... read more

    Recommended citation

    Farnsworth, A. & Lebbin, D. (2019). Lesser Antillean Pewee (Contopus latirostris). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/57375 on 19 February 2019).