Family Tanagers (Thraupidae)

Least Concern

Lesser Antillean Saltator (Saltator albicollis)


Taxonomy

French: Saltator gros-bec German: Antillensaltator Spanish: Pepitero antillano
Taxonomy:

Saltator albicollis

Vieillot

, 1817,

Cayenne; error = Martinique

.

Present species formerly treated as conspecific with S. striatipectus, but molecular evidence strongly supports treatment as separate species#R#R. Morphological differences subtle, but involve (vs all races of striatipectus except immaculatus) more diffuse, obscured streaking on breast (2); notably buffy belly and undertail-coverts (2); larger pale tip to bill (1); rather bolder blackish malar lines (ns[1]); larger size, with markedly longer wing (allow 2); same character scores vs immaculatus except notably larger pale tip to bill (2); slightly longer wing (allow 1). See also S. similis. Race guadelupensis not always distinguishable from nominate. Two subspecies recognized.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.
Subspecies and Distribution
  • S. a. guadelupensis Lafresnaye, 1844 – Guadeloupe and Dominica, in NC Lesser Antilles.
  • S. a. albicollis Vieillot, 1817 – Martinique and St Lucia, in C Lesser Antilles.
  • Descriptive notes

    22 cm; 37–49 g (Martinique), 39·8–51·6 g (St Lucia). Nominate race has crown and neck to back, including upperwing-coverts, deep olive-green, lower back and rump greyish;... read more

    Voice

    Song a series of rather loud, harsh, rising and falling notes.

    Habitat

    Wide variety of habitats, e.g. mangroves, forests of several types, including dry, marshy and humid... read more

    Food and feeding

    Food vegetable matter, including fruits, buds, some flowers and petals; also some insects. Nestling diet fruits, petals, stamens of plants... read more

    Breeding

    Season Feb–Aug, peak in May–Jun; height of song period Feb–Jun, some song persisting from Sept onwards. Nest a deep cup made from twigs and... read more

    Movements

    Sedentary. Presumed vagrant (assuming no captive origin) recorded on Nevis, c. 120 km over water... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Fairly common to common in suitable habitat. Small global range, restricted to four islands in E Caribbean region.

    Recommended citation

    Brewer, D. (2018). Lesser Antillean Saltator (Saltator albicollis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/62208 on 18 June 2018).