French: Élénie menue German: Grauwangen-Olivtyrann Spanish: Fiofío belicoso
Elainea [sic] Chiriquensis
near David, Chiriquí, Panama
Subspecies and Distribution
E. c. chiriquensis
Lawrence, 1865 – tropical zone of SW Costa Rica and Pacific slope of W Panama E to Canal Zone, including Coiba I and Pearl Is (also on Caribbean slope in C Colón).
E. c. albivertex
Pelzeln, 1868 – N, C & E Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad, the Guianas, scattered localities throughout N, E & C Brazil (S to São Paulo; apparently absent from upper Amazon Basin), E Peru, N & E Bolivia, Paraguay and NW & NE Argentina.
13·5–14 cm; 11·5–22·1 g. Small, nondescript elaenia, slightly elongated crown feathers producing square-shaped crest. Nominate race has head... read more
Commonest call a clear, whistled “weeééa”; other calls include burry... read more
Open country; found in dry scrub, cerrado, river-island scrub, brushy river margins,... read more
Food and feeding
Berries and insects, with fruit predominant in diet in C Brazilian study, where Miconia sp. (Melastomataceae) most frequent... read more
Season from Mar in Costa Rica, mid Jan to Apr, once Jul (peak Feb–early Mar) in C Panama, plus nest with eggs in early May in W... read more
Resident and migrant populations, with both probably occurring in Amazonia. Those breeding in S... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Uncommon to locally common; rather rare in Trinidad, rare and local in Suriname, and just one record in French Guiana (in Apr 2007).... read more
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