Family Bustards (Otididae)


Lesser Florican (Sypheotides indicus)


French: Outarde passarage German: Flaggentrappe Spanish: Sisón de penacho

Otis indica

J. F. Miller

, 1782,





S Pakistan (Mekran Coast, Sind and E Punjab)#R, N & W India (mainly in Gujarat) and SW Nepal#R. In non-breeding season, moves to E & S India and S Nepal.

Descriptive notes

Male 46 cm, 450 g; female 51 cm. Unique among bustards in possessing c. 4–6 long, upcurving, spatulate black plumes projecting behind head; upperwing-coverts white,... read more


Mainly silent. Gives a short whistle when disturbed. Displaying birds produce a frog-like croak.


Flat open grasslands, chiefly of Sehima nervosum and Chrysopogon fulvus, even... read more

Food and feeding

Shoots, grass, herbs, seeds and berries; also grasshoppers, beetles (notably Mylabris blister beetles at certain times),... read more


Jul–Sept, with exact timing depending on distribution and intensity of SW monsoon. Nest situated on bare ground in patch of grass or... read more


Leaves breeding region around Oct–Nov, apparently mostly dispersing south-eastwards,... read more

Status and conservation

ENDANGERED. CITES II. No longer visits W Pakistan or E India, a range contraction attributable to large-scale habitat loss and degradation: including by invasive alien plant... read more

Recommended citation

Collar, N. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2019). Lesser Florican (Sypheotides indicus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 10 December 2019).