Male 46 cm, 450 g; female 51 cm. Unique among bustards in possessing c. 4–6 long, upcurving, spatulate black plumes projecting behind head; upperwing-coverts white,... read more
Mainly silent. Gives a short whistle when disturbed. Displaying birds produce a frog-like croak.
Flat open grasslands, chiefly of Sehima nervosum and Chrysopogon fulvus, even... read more
Food and feeding
Shoots, grass, herbs, seeds and berries; also grasshoppers, beetles (notably Mylabris blister beetles at certain times),... read more
Jul–Sept, with exact timing depending on distribution and intensity of SW monsoon. Nest situated on bare ground in patch of grass or... read more
Leaves breeding region around Oct–Nov, apparently mostly dispersing south-eastwards,... read more
Status and conservation
ENDANGERED. CITES II. No longer visits W Pakistan or E India, a range contraction attributable to large-scale habitat loss and degradation: including by invasive alien plant... read more
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