French: Chardonneret mineur German: Mexikozeisig Spanish: Jilguero menor
#R, Arkansas River near mountains [= near Colorado Springs], Colorado, USA
Subspecies and Distribution
S. p. hesperophilus
(Oberholser, 1903) – Green-backed Goldfinch – W USA (S from Washington, E to N Utah and C Arizona) S to NW Mexico (Baja California and S to S Sonora).
S. p. witti
P. R. Grant, 1964 – Tres Marías Is, off W Mexico.
S. p. psaltria
(Say, 1822) – Black-backed Goldfinch – WC USA (Colorado and W Oklahoma) S to S Mexico (C Veracruz and Oaxaca).
S. p. jouyi
(Ridgway, 1898) – SE Mexico (N Yucatán Peninsula and Mujeres I) and NW Belize.
S. p. colombianus
(Lafresnaye, 1843) – S Mexico (Chiapas) S, discontinuously, to N & W Colombia, N Venezuela, N & S Ecuador and NW Peru.
9–11 cm; 8–11·5 g (hesperophilus), 6–9 g (witti). Small, stocky and short-tailed finch with stout bill, rounded wings and notched... read more
Song, from top of tree, from late winter through to end of breeding season, similar to that of ... read more
Lowland and lower montane subtropical and temperate woodlands, including oak (Quercus),... read more
Food and feeding
Principally seeds, buds and fruits of wide variety of composite plants and trees; also small quantity of insects. Seeds taken from more... read more
Season Apr–Oct; one brood. Monogamous. Loosely colonial, and territorial. Pair formation little known, apparently occurs either... read more
Resident, partial migrant and nomadic. Those breeding in N and in colder areas of WC USA move S... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Common to locally common in most of range; uncommon in C Guatemala, and local and rare in Ecuador. First recorded in Belize in 1998, and small... read more
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