French: Hirondelle striée German: Zwergrötelschwalbe Spanish: Golondrina abisinia
Subspecies and Distribution
C. a. puella
(Temminck & Schlegel, 1845) – Senegambia S to Liberia E to N Cameroon; wet-season breeding visitor in N of range.
C. a. maxima
(Bannerman, 1923) – SE Nigeria, S Cameroon and SW Central African Republic; also Bioko.
C. a. bannermani
(C. H. B. Grant & Mackworth-Praed, 1942) – SW Sudan, NW South Sudan and NE Central African Republic.
C. a. abyssinica
(Guérin-Méneville, 1843) – extreme SE Sudan, SE South Sudan, Ethiopia and Eritrea.
C. a. unitatis
(W. L. Sclater & Mackworth-Praed, 1918) – Equatorial Guinea and Gabon E to S South Sudan, Kenya and S Somalia, S to C Angola, E Zambia, Zimbabwe, E Botswana, Mozambique and E South Africa; breeding visitor in S parts of range, resident in the rest.
C. a. ampliformis
(Clancey, 1969) – S Angola and N Namibia E to W Zambia and NW Zimbabwe; breeding visitor in S parts of range, resident in the rest.
15–19 cm; 16–27 g. Nominate race has forehead to nape, ear-coverts and neck rufous-chestnut, back glossy deep blue, rump and shorter uppertail-coverts rufous-... read more
Vigorous song, with initial squeaky notes followed by descending nasal ones; also a wheezy “... read more
Grassland, savanna, open woodland, forest edge and clearings, cultivation and human habitations;... read more
Food and feeding
Diet includes Hymenoptera (such as flying ants and bees), beetles (Coleoptera) and flies (Diptera), also lepidopterans; also eats fruit... read more
Mainly in wet season; N of equator mainly Mar–Jul/Aug (e.g. Mar and Jul in Senegambia, from Apr in Liberia, Mar–May in Sierra... read more
Mainly resident, with some local post-breeding movements, near equator; mainly a wet-season... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Generally common and widespread; one of the most abundant hirundines in Africa, but sometimes only locally common. Avoids heavily forested areas, and... read more
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